Computer games commonly known as PC games refers to the video games that are played on a general purpose personal computer and it is different from video console or arcade machine. It can be defined as lack of any centralized controlling authority wherein it has a greater capacity in input, output and processing.
The computer gaming became very popular especially to the young adults after the video game crash of 1983 in Europe that gave birth to the bedroom coder. Since the middle of 1990’s they have lost mass market traction to console games before resurgence in the mid 2000 through the help of digital distribution.
Microprocessor and microcomputer were first used in playing computer games until the birth of the personal computers in the early 2000’s. Among the first computer games in history is the OXO, an adaptation of the tic-tac-toe for the EDSAC in the year 1952. One of the first computer games is the “Spacewar!” which was developed in the year 1961 by the MIT students Alan Kotok, Martin Graetz and Steve Russell. It is on a PDP-1 mainframe computer that is used for statistical calculations.
The first generation of computer games are usually text adventures or interactive fiction wherein the player will have to communicate with computer through entering commands in the keyboards. Adventure was one of the early text adventures that were created for the PDP-11microcomputer in the year 1976 by Will Crowther and later in the year 1977 it was expanded by Don Woods. Personal computers in the early 1980’s became powerful enough to run games like Adventure but also at that time that graphics begun to play important part on games. A few years after that, compute games have combined textual commands and basic graphics as seen in games such as SSI Gold Box games like Pool of Radiance or Bard’s Tale.
In video and computer gaming a clan or gamer guild are formed. Gamers’ guilds refer to the organized group of players that are regularly playing together in specific multiplayer games. Most players say that their guild or clan is like of a family wherein all the opinion and decisions of each member can represent the guild or the clan. Gamers’ guild members may vary from few groups of friends to thousands of players in the internet. The number of members per guild depends on the type of the game that they play, its scope and the level that you are in. Most of the games that involves gamers’ guild are games that requires the player to win several levels.
Computer games and gamers’ guild were created to entertain the people and to provide another way of socialization. However if they are abused they can lead to ones destruction.